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KS5 Poetry | Keats, John | Teachit English

The Project Gutenberg EBook of Lamia, by John Keats This eBook is for the or online at Title: Lamia Author: John Keats Release Date. PDF | Keats and Swinburne loom large as purveyors of the “aesthetic” in its If Keats associates Lamia, the “hermaphroditic” prostitute figure in Lamia, with the and discoverability via the Cogent OA website as well as Taylor & Francis Online .. Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research. abstr(a)ct poem,"1 a reference most probably to Lamia although he was working on Hyperion at this time. One also can find safety in the number of critics who.

See Article History John Keats, born October 31,LondonEngland—died February 23,RomePapal States [Italy]English Romantic lyric poet who devoted his short life to the perfection of a poetry marked by vivid imagery, great sensuous appeal, and an attempt to express a philosophy through classical legend.

John Keats

Youth The son of a livery-stable manager, John Keats received relatively little formal education. His father died inand his mother remarried almost immediately. Throughout his life Keats had close emotional ties to his sister, Fanny, and his two brothers, George and Tom.

His literary interests had crystallized by this time, and after he devoted himself entirely to poetry. From then until his early death, the story of his life is largely the story of the poetry he wrote.

Early works Charles Cowden Clarke had introduced the young Keats to the poetry of Edmund Spenser and the Elizabethansand these were his earliest models. In Keats left London briefly for a trip to the Isle of Wight and Canterbury and began work on Endymionhis first long poem.

  • Keats: Poems Published in 1820 by John Keats
  • Keats' Poems
  • Lamia by John Keats

On his return to London he moved into lodgings in Hampstead with his brothers. Endymion appeared in This work is divided into four 1,line sections, and its verse is composed in loose rhymed couplets. Keats transformed the tale to express the widespread Romantic theme of the attempt to find in actuality an ideal love that has been glimpsed heretofore only in imaginative longings. This theme is realized through fantastic and discursive adventures and through sensuous and luxuriant description.

In his wanderings, Endymion is guilty of an apparent infidelity to his visionary moon goddess and falls in love with an earthly maiden to whom he is attracted by human sympathy. But in the end the goddess and the earthly maiden turn out to be one and the same. Keats, however, was dissatisfied with the poem as soon as it was finished. Personal crisis In the summer of Keats went on a walking tour in the Lake District of northern England and Scotland with his friend Charles Brown, and his exposure and overexertions on that trip brought on the first symptoms of the tuberculosis of which he was to die.

Contrary to later assertions, Keats met these reviews with a calm assertion of his own talents, and he went on steadily writing poetry. But there were family troubles. About the same time, he met Fanny Brawne, a near neighbour in Hampstead, with whom he soon fell hopelessly and tragically in love.

Lamia, part I John Keats Selected Poems John KEATS

She seems to have been an unexceptional young woman, of firm and generous character, and kindly disposed toward Keats.

But he expected more, perhaps more than anyone could give, as is evident from his overwrought letters. Both his uncertain material situation and his failing health in any case made it impossible for their relationship to run a normal course. About October Keats became engaged to Fanny. This poetry was composed under the strain of illness and his growing love for Brawne, and it is an astonishing body of work, marked by careful and considered development, technical, emotional, and intellectual.

Written in the first flush of his meeting with Brawne, it conveys an atmosphere of passion and excitement in its description of the elopement of a pair of youthful lovers. She has deceived Lycius. She must be kept a secret.

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She has no family, no parents. She does not want Apollonius invited to the marriage because she fears he will expose her. Nevertheless, Keats presents her sympathetically; she is not an evil creature. Lycius too is presented sympathetically but in living with Lamia he is indulging in "sweet sin.

When Lycius and Lamia meet Apollonius, Lycius' mentor, while walking through Corinth, Lycius is at pains to avoid being recognized by him. Keats may be presenting a situation dramatically in Lamia, showing the good and the bad, and not coming to any final judgment. But he seems to be doing more than that. The subject of Lamia is consuming love such as Keats himself was experiencing when he wrote the poem. His letters to Fanny Brawne indicate that he was obsessed by her beauty — and, at the same time, fearful for his freedom.

He realized, however, that desire must be curbed by restraint, that love must harmonize with, and be a part of life, rather than dominate and control it. Lamia, therefore, can be regarded as a warning against the all-absorbing nature of illusory, passionate love and a recognition of the claims of reason. The reason why Lamia is usually not included in the first rank among Keats' poems may be that the story it tells is not of absorbing interest.

It lacks suspense, but in this respect it is not inferior to The Eve of St. Agnes, which also has relatively little suspense.

Keats, John

Neither poem has much in the way of crisis and climax. Keats makes more use of dialogue in Lamia than in The Eve of St. Agnes, and in this area his narrative technique is superior, but this is to be expected since Lamia has more characters than The Eve of St.

The great advantage that The Eve of St. Agnes has over Lamia is that it is about human lovers. A tale about the love between a supernatural creature like Lamia and a human being may have romantic strangeness but it does not have much human interest. In richness of description, however, Lamia is probably as good as anything Keats wrote.

Lamia-as-snake is as beautiful as Lamia-as-woman: She was a gordian shape of dazzling hue, Vermilion-spotted, golden, green, and blue; Striped like a zebra, freckled like a pard, Eyed like a peacock, and all crimson barr'd; And full of silver moons, that, as she breathed, Dissolv'd or brighter shone, or interwreathed Their lustres with the gloomier tapestries.

I, Just as in The Eve of St. Agnes Keats concentrated on the stained glass window in order to emphasize the loveliness of Madeline, so in Lamia Keats devotes many lines of description to the banquet hall in the palace of Lamia and Lycius in order to emphasize their tragedy, for it was there that Lamia vanished and Lycius perished.

The banquet hall is the setting of the climax of the story. For his last narrative poem, Keats used the iambic pentameter couplets of Endymion, but he shows a much greater mastery of his couplets in Lamia than in Endymion. He does not let the rhymes control the sense, and the lines flow on so smoothly that the reader is almost unaware of the rhymes.