Indian Red Cross Society - Wikipedia
(adopted by the 25th International Conference of the Red Cross at Geneva in Conference, unless the Standing Commission agrees to a later date. Rule 7. The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian . The organizational card index of the Agency accumulated about 7 million records from to .. These rules were contrary to the Red Cross principles of universality and equality among all national societies, a situation. 7) To recruit, train and develop volunteers/personnel as necessary for undertaking . Headquarters of the Branch or at a place, upon a date (or dates) to be.
She would lead the organization for over two decades, finally resigning at the age of Under Barton, the American Red Cross devoted itself largely to disaster relief, responding to floods, forest fires, tornadoes, a yellow fever epidemic and a hurricane that killed at least 6, people in Galveston, Texas.
International Committee of the Red Cross
At the time of her resignation, the organization had only a few thousand members. It soon grew rapidly, however, in part by cultivating a close relationship with the U. By the end of World War I, over 20 million adults and 11 million children had joined. A red cross is not the only approved symbol of the organization. Just before the Ottoman Empire went to war with Russia init approved a national Red Cross society with one caveat.
Auschwitz also represents the greatest failure in the history of the ICRC, aggravated by its lack of decisiveness in taking steps to aid the victims of Nazi persecution.
It has preserved this motto while other Red Cross organizations have adopted others. Under the Geneva Convention, the red cross, red crescent and red crystal emblems provide protection for military medical services and relief workers in armed conflicts and is to be placed on humanitarian and medical vehicles and buildings.
The original emblem that has a red cross on a white background is the exact reverse of the flag of neutral Switzerland. It was later supplemented by two others which are the Red Crescentand the Red Crystal. The Red Crescent was adopted by the Ottoman Empire during the Russo-Turkish war and the Red Crystal by the governments inas an additional emblem devoid of any national, political or religious connotation.
The ICRC also undertakes tasks that are not specifically mandated by law, such as visiting political prisoners outside of conflict and providing relief in natural disasters. The ICRC is a private association registered in Switzerland that has enjoyed various degrees of special privileges and legal immunities within the territory of Switzerland for many years.
This agreement protects the full sanctity of all ICRC property in Switzerland including its headquarters and archive, grants members and staff legal immunity, exempts the ICRC from all taxes and fees, guarantees protected and duty-free transfer of goods, services, and money, provides the ICRC with secure communication privileges at the same level as foreign embassiesand simplifies Committee travel in and out of Switzerland.
The ICRC limits its membership to Swiss nationals only, and also unlike most NGOs[ citation needed ] it does not have a policy of open and unrestricted membership for individuals as its new members are selected by the Committee itself a process called cooptation. However, since the early s, the ICRC employs persons from all over the world to serve in its field mission and at Headquarters. The ICRC has special privileges and legal immunities in many countries,[ which? The First Geneva Convention of covers the protection for the wounded and sick of armed conflict on land.
The Second Geneva Convention asks for the protection and care for the wounded, sick and shipwrecked of armed conflict at sea.
The Third Geneva Convention concerns the treatment of prisoners of war. The Fourth Geneva Convention concerns the protection of civilians in time of war. In addition, there are many more customary international laws that come into effect when necessary. The total budget for consists of about Inthe budget for field work increased by 6. The exact rules for recognition are defined in the statutes of the movement.
The ICRC and the Federation cooperate with the individual national societies in their international missions, especially with human, material, and financial resources and organizing on-site logistics. According to the Seville Agreementthe ICRC is the lead Red Cross agency in conflicts while other organizations within the movement take the lead in non-war situations.
National societies will be given the lead especially when a conflict is happening within their own country. Each delegation is under the responsibility of a Head of delegation who is the official representative of the ICRC in the country. Of its 2, professional employees, roughly work in its Geneva headquarters and 1, expatriates work in the field. About half of the field workers serve as delegates managing ICRC operations, while the other half are specialists such as doctors, agronomistsengineers, or interpreters.
In the delegations, the international staff are assisted by some 13, national employees, bringing the total staff under the authority of the ICRC to roughly 15, Delegations also often work closely with the National Red Cross Societies of the countries where they are based, and thus can call on the volunteers of the National Red Cross to assist in some of the ICRC's operations. The organizational structure of the ICRC is not well understood by outsiders. This is partly because of organizational secrecy, but also because the structure itself has been prone to frequent change.
Decisions are often made in a collective way, so authority and power relationships are not set in stone. Today, the leading organs are the Directorate and the Assembly.
The members of the Directorate are appointed by the Assembly to serve for four years. The Director-General has assumed more personal responsibility in recent years, much like a CEO, where he was formerly more of a first among equals at the Directorate.
The Assembly has a membership of a maximum of twenty-five Swiss citizens. Members must speak the house language of French, but many also speak English and German as well. These Assembly members are co-opted for a period of four years, and there is no limit to the number of terms an individual member can serve. A three-quarters majority vote from all members is required for re-election after the third term, which acts as a motivation for members to remain active and productive.
In the early years, every Committee member was Genevan, Protestant, whiteand male. The first non-Genevans were admitted inand one Jew has served in the Assembly. Thanks to permanent Swiss neutralityconflicting parties can be sure that no one from "the enemy" will be setting policy in Geneva.
The Council meets at least ten times per year and has the authority to decide on behalf of the full Assembly in some matters. The Council is also responsible for organizing the Assembly meetings and for facilitating communication between the Assembly and the Directorate.
While one of the Vice Presidents is elected for a four-year term, the other is appointed permanently, his tenure ending by retirement from the vice presidency or from the Committee. The President is both a member of the Assembly and the leader of the ICRC, and has always been included on the Council since its formation.
There is a strong faction within the Assembly that wants to reach outside the organization to select a President from Swiss government or professional circles such as banking or medicine. The President's influence and role are not well-defined, and change depending upon the times and each President's personal style. The General Rounds consist of two oral rounds.
Each team pleads once as Prosecutor and once as Defense. The Organizing Committee will determine which Prosecutor and Defendant teams will meet each other in the General Rounds of the Competition by means of a seeding system based upon the ranking of their memorial scores.
The 24 teams will be divided into two groups in accordance to the score of their memorials.
Red Cross - HISTORY
The 12 teams with higher scores will be group 1 and the other 12 teams will be group 2. Random draw will be conducted when pairing the teams for the General Rounds- one team will be drawn from group 1 and the opponent will be drawn from group 2. No team shall compete against the same team twice in the General Rounds. The teams should bring their own hard copies of the memorials of their opposing teams for the General Rounds, if needed.
The eight 8 winning teams in the General Rounds calculation pursuant to Rule 17 shall enter the Quarter-final Round. The Organizing Committee will determine the role to be played by each of the eight 8 teams Prosecutor or Defendant by means of a random draw after the results of the General Rounds have been determined.
The winning teams shall be decided by the panel of judges before which they pleaded respectively. Semi-final and Final Rounds 8f. The four 4 winning teams of each pair of opposing teams of the Quarter-final Round will enter the Semi-final Round.
The Organizing Committee will determine the role to be played by each of the four 4 teams Prosecutor or Defendant by means of a random draw after completion of Quarter-final Round.
The two 2 winning teams of each pair of opposing teams of the Semi-final Round shall enter the Final Round.