Assam hospitals in a bloody mess
Another research team reported on the cost of scaling up an existing call – to people who receive HIV care at a clinic in Bangalore. Explore this page to read more about populations most affected by HIV in India, testing and counselling, prevention programmes, antiretroviral. Save upto Rs for HIV Rapid Test in Bangalore. Book the diagnostic test for Bangalore in 3 easy steps. Our Price: Rs - Rs You Save: Upto Rs .
HIV is mainly infected by having sex with multiple partners, sharing syringes and blood with people infected with HIV, and through vaginal and rectal fluids. It does not spread through direct contact such as shaking hands, sharing food or toilet seats, etc.
There are 3 stages of HIV infection. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS is the final stage of infection which destroys the immune system. If you do not get treated, the HIV infection advances in stages and gets worse over time. It completely destroys the immune system and eventually leads to AIDS.
Therefore, it is very important to get diagnosed at early stages of the infection. What is HIV testing?
Mobile technologies playing a growing role in HIV care and treatment support
It is very important to go for HIV testing because it keeps you and others safe. Blood tests are the standard tests to diagnose HIV.
The body makes antibodies in response to HIV infection which can be detected through blood tests. But these tests cannot detect HIV in blood soon after the infection because it takes time generally 2 to 8 weeks, even 6 months for your body to produce these antibodies.
The 7 main tests you need to know about HIV are as detailed below: Standard tests In standard tests, a sample of your blood is drawn and sent to a lab for testing. In some tests, urine or oral fluids are also used to screen for the presence of antibodies.
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Antibody screening test This is the common HIV test. This test is performed using blood or sometimes oral fluids. It is conducted in a lab or as a rapid test at the testing site. The rapid tests give the results within 30 minutes and are as accurate as standard tests.
HIV antigens a part of the virus that show up in 2 to 4 weeks of infection are checked in this test. This led researchers to recommend that the ClinipakMobile system could be improved by directly informing clinicians about the content of client records uploaded to the central database.
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Meanwhile, a small Tanzanian non-governmental organisation had mixed results when it sought to use a mobile phone system as a reporting tool for community health workers in rural villages. The system was designed to replace a monthly paper-based reporting system, with the phones transmitting data to a central database via SMS.
Thirty-eight CHWs received training on how to use the phones for monthly reporting. The study compared outcomes for this group to outcomes for other CHWs who continued to follow paper-based reporting procedures. At three months, outcomes were different: However, paper records were two-and-a-half times as likely to have missing information. The study called attention to two factors preventing higher levels of reporting via mobile phone: Regan told delegates that human resources were crucial for both establishing and maintaining a mobile phone data collection system.
The Nairobi study presented in the same session can be seen as a compelling example of why it is important to overcome obstacles that may limit the use of mobile technology by CHWs. In her presentation of study findings, researcher Jennifer Cohn noted the potential gravity of the clinical issues that CHWs reported.
Cohn said that CHWs recorded a high number of 'red flags', during patient visits, such as noting when a patient reported a cough lasting for two weeks or longer — a possible sign of tuberculosis. CHWs referred five patients for follow-up visits because of this issue, but the chart review indicated that clinicians only noted coughing in three of these cases and apparently failed in all cases to screen for tuberculosis.
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CHWs recorded 'red flags' for eleven patients for antiretroviral adherence-related reasons. The chart review only found adherence to be a concern of note in one follow-up clinic visit.
She added that a next step in the project is to link the CHW data to clinics, enabling clinicians who see patients at follow-up visits to know about the concerns noted by CHWs. Reference Horvath T et al. Mobile phone text messaging for promoting adherence to antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV infection.
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Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 3: Segaren N et al. Regan K et al. Monthly monitoring at a small NGO: Rodrigues R et al.